This page is designated for the scientific terms and definitions that come up throughout this website that are not defined elsewhere.
Description includes: lumbar, core, belly, trunk
- Lumbar: describing the region of the lower back
- L1 through L5: the bones of the Lumbar spine (L1, L2, L3, etc.)
- Abdominal: describing the area of the abdomen
- Core: muscles in the abdominal region that support and stabilize the lumbar spine
When used in gross anatomy, the arm refers to the upper portion of the upper extremity between your shoulder and elbow; namely, a bone called the humerus. The term brachium (p. brachii) also describes the arm.
When used in gross anatomy, the forearm refers to the lower portion of your upper extremity between your elbow and wrist; namely, bones called the radius and ulna.
Description includes: capitis, occipital
The bones of the skull, face, and jaw. Terms that describe areas of the skull include:
- Capitis: Latin term meaning head or skull
- Occipital: the bone at the base of your skull that attaches to the neck
When used in gross anatomy, the leg refers to the lower portion of your lower extremity between your knee and ankle; namely, bones called the tibia and fibula.
Description includes: cervical, C1-C7, nuchal
The area between your head and shoulders. Terms that describe the neck or areas of the neck include:
- Cervical: describing region of the neck
- C1 through C7: the bones of the Cervical spine (C1, C2, C3, etc.)
- Nuchal: Latin term for the back of the neck
Description includes: pelvic, ilium, ischium, pubis, sacroiliac, sacrum, gluteal, buttocks
The large collection of bones at the base of the spine where the lower extremities attach (at the hip joint). Many people use the term “hips” to describe regions of the pelvis. Anatomically speaking, the hips are the joints where the femurs (thigh bones) attach to the pelvis.
- The pelvis is made of 3 fused bones on each side: the ilium, ischium, and pubis
- The sacrum is the last weight-bearing bone of the spinal column and sits between the 2 halves of the pelvis on the back side to form the sacroiliac joints.
- Gluteal: describing the buttocks or back side of the pelvis.
When used in gross anatomy, the thigh refers to the upper portion of the lower extremity between your hip and knee; namely, a bone called the femur.
Description includes: thoracic, chest, midback, upper back
- Thoracic: describing the region of the thorax
- T1 through T12: the bones of the Thoracic spine (T1, T2, T3, etc.)
- Chest: the front portion of the thorax
Most often used in the extremities (arms and legs), distal references an area that is further from the center of the body or point of attachment (e.g. your hands are distal to your shoulders).
In humans, this term references the back of your body (for four-legged animals, the dorsal surface would be the top). This word is found in the muscle, latissimus dorsi and the ankle movement of dorsiflexion.
Most often used in the extremities (arms and legs), proximal references an area that is closer to the center of the body or point of attachment (e.g. your shoulders are proximal to your hands).
Continue the basics
Don’t Miss Out
Sign up to receive updates!